Viking Life Style
A group of people known as the Vikings existed during the eighth and eleventh centuries. The Scandinavian regions of Northern Europe were under their control. The current nations of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland are included in this region. Due to their superior maritime knowledge and resources, the Vikings were able to trade freely and conduct raids without fear of conflict with other countries. The Roman Empire's fall destroyed long-established trade channels, forcing the Vikings to discover and create new ones.
The Vikings traveled to numerous places in the known globe and beyond through raids, pillage, colonization, and commerce. Only a few early Viking seafarers made it through the harrowing trips, but as the fleets multiplied over time, there soon seemed to be hundreds of longships. They sailed to Byzantium and the Baghdad Caliphate by way of the Baltic Sea, Russian rivers, and the Black and Caspian seas. The first Europeans to arrive in North America and Greenland were Vikings. In truth, Leiv Eiriksson, a Viking adventurer, landed in North America 500 years before Christopher Columbus, somewhere around the year 1000.The majority of Vikings lived on farms even though they were most famous for their seafaring. To cultivate the oats, barley, and wheat needed to create flour, porridge, and ale, they employed iron equipment like sickles and hoes. Additionally, vegetables including beans, cabbage, and onions were cultivated.
Pigs, sheep, goats, cattle, goslings, and chickens were among the domesticated animals. Farmers sometimes had to make the most of their animals in order to survive the harsh Scandinavian winters; as a result, they employed them for their meat, produce, fur, and manure, which was used to fertilize the fields.
Viking Clothing Style
Wool, linen, and silk are the three materials that have been identified as having been utilized to construct clothes by the Viking peoples during that time. Since it is known that fur pelts were a trade good exported from Viking Age Scandinavia, it is likely that the Vikings also employed fur to produce cold weather outerwear and as accent trim on goods like cloaks. Local wool textile production would have been prevalent throughout the Viking Age. Large, upright looms were often employed in Scandinavia at this time, so it is likely that most homes had one. However, there is evidence that wool fabric was occasionally also made professionally. Cloth weaving appears to have been done on a large scale in Ribe, a town that served as a commercial hub during the Viking Age and is located on the west coast of the Jutland peninsula in Denmark. Although it is likely that linen fabric, which is thought to have been highly popular for clothing, was also a trade product which was imported, flax is known to have been cultivated in Denmark and certain areas of Sweden during the Viking Age, thus linen was almost probably made in those nations. There is no doubt that silk was imported, most likely through the eastern trade routes from Sweden that followed the rivers of Russia to the Black Sea, Byzantium, and other Arab states.
Wearing a piece of our Viking Clothing is a great way to show your pride in Viking heritage.
It has been shown by evidence found in Viking graves that both men's and women's clothes occasionally had trim made of intricately woven braid. Silk was a common material for ornamental trim, and some of the discovered pieces included threads of gold and silver weaved into the design of the ornate braid.
If needed for warmth, a lady during the Viking age would have additionally wore a shawl or short cape, and certain representations in art imply jackets were occasionally worn over the chemise and dress.
For warmth or weather protection, men would have often worn a tunic and pants with a cape that was tied at the left shoulder with a brooch. Different regions of Sweden and among the Rus wore their pants in different ways. In the western Viking countries, they were normally straight-legged, however they might be fitted either somewhat loosely or rather securely to the leg. Normally, a knife and a bag for personal things like a comb or flint and steel for making a fire were carried on the person's belt.
In Viking society, wearing jewelry was customary for both sexes. As was previously mentioned, Viking women generally wore pairs of huge brooches, which were used to secure the straps of the overdress and are frequently discovered in their graves. Glass, crystal, amber, and different metal beads were very popular, and they were often worn as necklaces or in strands that hung between two brooches.
Both men's and women's footwear would have been made of leather, and complete or incomplete examples of many different styles have been discovered. These styles range from simple, so-called "skin shoes," made of one piece of leather that was pulled up around the foot and laces together on top, to shoes with uppers made of several pieces of leather sewn to separate soles of a heavier leather, and even ankle and higher boots.
Pendants were widely worn around the necks of both men and women. Although other designs were equally popular, Thor's hammer pendants were highly prevalent and were regarded as lucky charms. Both men and women frequently wore neck rings, arm rings, and bracelets made of silver or occasionally gold, depending on the wearer's affluence.
Viking Church Style
The adoption of Christianity by the Vikings was a gradual process since it took the Scandinavians a long time to understand that it meant bidding goodbye to their old gods. Stave churches, or stavkirker as they are called in Norway, were constructed just on the verge of this enormous change. Stave churches were built in the 11th and 12th centuries and frequently feature a blend of Christian symbols and Norse design features, as well as the occasional stray pagan god or Viking hero.
The actual chapels are constructed completely of wood, frequently without the use of any nails or fasteners. Their name derives from the distinctive post-and-lintel arrangement used in construction; substantial wooden "staves" support them. Many of the construction methods utilized to erect these cathedrals were created and refined as a result of the Vikings' ground-breaking advancements in shipbuilding. There may have been as many as 2,000 of these magnificent timber churches strewn throughout Scandinavia, according to archaeologists. There are now less than 30 left. Here are a few of our personal favorites, both authentic and imaginative, some of which are from countries across the ocean when a separate, far later wave of Scandinavian migration arrived.
Throughout the Middle Ages, Scandinavia employed Viking ships, which had a distinctive structural design. Depending on what the ship was meant for, the boat forms were extremely different, but they were typically described as having slim and flexible vessels with symmetrical ends and true keels. They were clinker constructed, which involves riveting together an overlap of boards. Although this is only assumed from historical texts, some could have had a dragon's head or other round item protruding from the bow and stern for design. Viking ships were employed for colonization, exploration, long-distance trade, and even warfare.
A faering is an open rowboat with two pairs of oars that is frequently used in Western and Northern Scandinavian boatbuilding traditions that date back to the Viking Age. Both the Gokstad and the Tune ship burials had precursors to the faering boat form. Similar to the Viking ships, these auxiliary vessels are constructed so light that even with the full crew of rowers, the boat can be moved across land.
During the Viking Age, the Vikings from Scandinavia and Iceland built and utilized longships for trade, commerce, exploration, and warfare. The Nydam and Kvalsund ships provide as examples of how the longship's design changed over many years. Scandinavian boatbuilding customs still reflect the personality and look of these ships. The highest speed of a longship in good weather was around 15 knots (28 km/h), while the average speed of Viking ships varied from ship to ship but generally fell between 5 and 10 knots (9 and 19 km/h).
The long-ship is an elegant, long, thin, light, wooden boat with a speed-oriented shallow draft hull. The ship's shallow draft allowed for beach landings and sailing in just one meter deep water, and its small weight made it possible to transport it via portages. Longships were similarly double-ended, with a symmetrical bow and stern that made it possible to easily reverse course without turning around. Oars were attached to longships virtually the full length of the boat. Later models had a rectangular sail mounted on a single mast that was used to supplement or replace the labor of the rowers, especially on long voyages.
Ships designed for carrying goods are known as knarr in Norse. The hull could support up to 24 tons and had a length of around 54 feet (16 meters), a beam of 15 feet (4.6 meters), and other usual dimensions. 50 tons of overall displacement. Although shorter than Gokstad-style longships, knarrs are more durable by design and relied primarily on sail-power, using oars as auxiliary propulsion only when there was no wind out on the broad sea. The knarr was therefore more frequently utilized than the Gokstad type for longer, oceangoing shipments, and riskier journeys. It could sail 75 miles (121 km) in a single day and could accommodate a crew of 20 to 30 people. During the Viking Age, knarrs often traveled between Greenland and the North Atlantic islands, transporting people and goods. Later, the Hanseatic League utilized the cog in the Baltic Sea, whose design was influenced by the knarr's. Skuldelev 1, which was unearthed in Denmark in 1962 and is thought to date from around 1030 AD, and the askekärr ship [sv], which was discovered in Sweden in 1933 and is thought to date from around 930 AD, are two examples of Viking Age knarr.
The Karve was a small type of Viking longship, with a broad hull somewhat similar to the knarr. They were used for both war and ordinary transport, carrying people, cargo or livestock. Because they were able to navigate in very shallow water, they were also used for coasting. Karves typically had broad beams of approximately 17 feet